Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Teaching , Learning & Education

First Advisor

P. Troy White


This study examined the perceptions held by parents living in the urbanized area of Rapid City, South Dakota, to determine if artificial barriers to joining 4-H PYD programs existed. Through snowball sampling methods, nine participants were recruited to engage in semi-structured interviews. Transcripts from the interviews were coded utilizing in vivo and axial coding methods. Four themes emerged from the interviews: characteristics of youth development programs, program promotion through school flyers, barriers to joining youth development programs, and 4-H and its connection to agriculture. The major recommendation for 4-H professionals is to focus on leadership, life skills, and character development when promoting 4-H PYD programs.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

4-H Youth Development Program (U.S.)
4-H clubs.
Youth development.
Parents -- South Dakota -- Rapid City -- Attitudes.



Number of Pages



American Society of Agronomy



Rights Statement

In Copyright