Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date

1967

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Physical Education

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a weight training program and a specific resistance training program upon strength involved in and speed of a specific motor movement of discus throwing. Thirty freshmen male volunteer non-athletes enrolled in the basic instruction program of physical education at South Dakota State University during the spring semester of 1967 participated in the study. The subjects were selected by a table of random numbers from a total of 91 volunteer freshmen male students. And arm strength test was administered, and the subjects were placed in rank order on the basis of the test. From the rank order data, three equated groups were derived with ten subjects in each group. Groups were designated by employing the track pillbox method. The three designated groups were experimental weight training group, experimental specific resistance group, and control group. The subjects in the experimental groups participated in a six-week training program during which they met for eighteen training sessions. The weight training program consisted of a battery of eight exercises designed to improve overall strength development. A specific resistance exercise in the identical range-of-motion of discus throwing was employed in the specific resistance training program with was designed to strengthen the muscles involved in throwing the discus. The subjects in the experimental groups and the control group were tested at the beginning and at the end of the six-week training program. Angular horizontal abduction-flexion arm strength, combined leg extension and rotary hip strength, and speed of a specific motor movement of discus throwing were investigated. The data collected during the tests were recorded and analyzed to determine what effect the two training programs had upon the strength involved in and speed of a specific motor movement of discus throwing. Results of the findings indicate that the specific resistance training program appeared more effective than the weight training program in developing strength; that neither the specific resistance training program nor the weight training program appeared to be an effective training and aid in increasing the speed of a specific motor movement of discus throwing.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Weight throwing
Discuss throwing
Weight lifting -- Physiological effect

Format

application/pdf

Publisher

South Dakota State University

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