Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Physical Education


It was the purpose of this study to determine if the use of video-tape with instant knowledge of results in the teaching of a selected side horse routine causes significant change in the learning process -as compared to teaching the routine by the traditional teaching-method. The traditional method employed in this study consisted of verbal cues and demonstrations by the writer. The following procedure was employed: Twenty-four male volunteer freshman students at South Dakota State University were placed into two groups equated by their motor educability and shoulder girdle strength scores. The subjects in the two groups were novice gymnasts and participated in a three week training program, during which they met four times a week for fifty minutes. Both groups were taught by the traditional method of teaching. The experimental group also used video-tape with immediate knowledge o:f results as a teaching aid. At the end of the training period the subjects were judged on their performance of the selected side horse routine by four experienced gymnastics judges. The judges used the rating scale described in the NCAA Gymnastics rule book. At test for significance indicated no statistically significant difference between the groups at the one-percent level.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Video tapes
Gymnastics -- Study and teaching



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University