Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Plant Science

First Advisor

Arvid Boe

Second Advisor

Tom Schumacher


Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is one of the most cultivated legumes in the world. They are grown in Asia, to some extent in Southern Europe, and in parts of North Africa. Chickpeas are categorized into two major types, Desi and Kabuli, also known as Gram and Garbanzo. The two types are primarily distinguished by seed type (color and shape). Desi types have small, sharp-edged seeds with rough coats and colors ranging from light brown to black and pink flowers. Kabuli types have medium to large seeds with smooth thin coats, and cream to white seed color and white flowers. Desi are regarded as the primitive types from which the Kabuli types developed through mutation and selection for lightcolored seeds and white flowers. The wild ancestor of all cultivated chickpeas is thought to be Cicer reticulatum. Desi types display superior emergence compared to Kabuli types under field conditions and this is thought to be associated with seedling vigor. Generally Desi types are considered to be efficient producers, but these claims have not been substantiated by research findings. Desi chickpeas were found to be less susceptible to the pod borer (Heliothus armigera) and also have higher crude fiber and lower fat content in the grain than Kabuli types. The objective of the study was to examine root characteristics of selected chickpea genotypes, from Kabuli and Desi types. The effect of environmental conditions on stability of root development was assessed with respect to salinity, temperature, and moisture stresses. Field experiments were conducted for two cropping seasons at Brookings and Highmore, South Dakota.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Chickpea -- Rootstocks -- Evaluation
Chickpea -- Seeds -- Morphology



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


No Copyright - United State