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Thesis - University Access Only
Master of Science (MS)
James E. Lidstone
32 female college students with prior softball experience were oriented in a familiarization session, then pretested on overhand throwing accuracy using Shick's target for repeated throws. 20 throws of 30 mph or greater from a distance of 40 ft constituted a test. Scores from the pretest were used to pair subjects of comparable skill and randomly assign them to either the control or experimental group. The control group did not meet again until the posttest. The experimental group (visuo-motor behavior rehearsal, VMBR) experienced 18 sessions, 5 days/week for 4 weeks, of VMBR training devised by Suinn. Upon completion of VMBR training, posttests were conducted with all subjects. 10 days of no activity was followed by a final retention test. Throwing accuracy was compared between the VMBR group and the control group at all three testing intervals (pretest, posttest, retention test) and both groups were examined to see if they had changed significantly over time. The data were analyzed using a 2 x 3 factorial analysis of variance procedure with repeated measures. Contrary to the proposed hypothesis, there was no significant difference in gain between the experimental and control groups in terms of throwing accuracy.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Softball -- Study and teaching
Imagery (Psychology) -- Physiological aspects
Sports -- Psychological aspects
Number of Pages
South Dakota State University
Kirchner, Beth A., "The Effect of Visuo-Motor Behavior Rehearsal on the Accuracy of the Overhand Throw" (1989). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4585.