Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Physical Education


The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship exists between an athlete’s level of achievement motivation and gymnastics meet performance. A secondary purpose was to determine if the level of achievement motivation differed between and among male and female gymnasts. The McClelland Thematic Apperception Test was administered to measure the levels of achievement motivation among male and female members of the South Dakota State University Intercollegiate Gymnastic Team. Each subject’s gymnastics meet scores served as the measure of proficiency in gymnastics. All statistical tests were conducted at the .05 level of confidence. Using the Pearson Product Moment method, it was found that no significant relationship existed between achievement motivation and gymnastics meet performance among the men or among the women. Through the use of a t-test, it was found that a significant difference existed between scores attained by men and women on the McClelland Thematic Apperception Test. The analysis of variance was employed to determine whether significant differences in Thematic Apperception Test scores occurred among the men or among women. Differences were significant among the women, but not among men.

Library of Congress Subject Headings


Achievement motivation



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University