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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)




The Conservation Reserve Program is an important part of South Dakota’s economy. Approximately 2 million acres, 10% of the cropland base, are enrolled in the CRP in South Dakota. CRP acres are heavily concentrated in certain regions such as the North Central, Northeast, and South Central regions. Along with having different concentrations of CRP land, the different regions in South Dakota have varied environment, geography and economic structures. The large number of Conservation Reserve Program acres in South Dakota makes it important to know the impacts of possible post-CRP policy options. The concentrations of CRP acres along with the regional differences make it important to know the impact of the policies not only on a state-wide level, but also on a regional level. This study was done to determine the major economic impacts of three post-CRP policy options on South Dakota’s state and regional levels. Many steps were required to find the economic impacts. First, relative soil productivities were found. CARE budgeting was employed to find per acre net returns of primary land use alternative. National modeling was combined with this study to find total net crop, forage, and CRP returns for the state/regions. Finally, IMPLAN input/output analysis was performed to determine each policy’s broader economic impacts.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

COnservation Reserve Programs (U.S.)

Soil conservation projects -- South Dakota

Land use, Rural -- Economic aspects -- South Dakota



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University