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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Civil Engineering

First Advisor

James N. Dornbush


The purpose of this study was to determine if seepage meters would provide reliable information on seepage rates in a gravel pit system. Gravel pit systems typically experience high groundwater seepage rates when compared to other surface water systems. Past studies using seepage meters were from water systems that had relatively low seepage rates. The objectives of the study include the following: 1. Construct a seepage meter similar to the meter developed by Lee (5). This study will introduce modifications on the connection between the conduit and the flexible water reservoir, and a larger flexible water reservoir (needed for the larger volumes of water). 2. Determine the proper operation of the seepage meter. Proper operation includes the method of meter placement and the correct procedures for meter operation. 3. Determine the sources of variability associated with the seepage meter and methods to reduce the variability. 4. Determine the effect of seepage rates with various environmental factors. 5. Develop the necessary methods to determine the influx of groundwater into the gravel pit system.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Groundwater -- South Dakota -- Brookings -- Quality
Big Sioux Aquifer (S.D.)




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