Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Phyllis Meyer


The term confusion is often used as a nursing diagnosis. Yet, there is no consistent definition that indicates a systematic process is used in the labeling of elderly patients as confused. The research question for this descriptive association study was: "To what extent are selected characteristics utilized among nursing home staff in the labeling of elderly as confused?"
The objectives of this study were as follows:
1) Identify the frequency of use of each of the selected characteristics in the clinical determination of confusion in the elderly by nursing home staff.
2) Determine the relationship between nursing home staffs' identification of selected characteristics present and the labeling of an elderly nursing home resident viewed on video as confused.
3) Determine if there is a relationship between the demo graphic characteristics of nursing home staff and-: a. Utilization of selected characteristics b. Identification of selected characteristics presented by a nursing home resident on video.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Older people -- Mental health
Nursing homes -- Employees



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted

Included in

Nursing Commons