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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Phyllis Gaspar


nursing home patient nutrition, nursing home patient physiology, water in the body


The water intake adequacy among nursing home residents is an area of concern for health care providers. Studies have indicated that water intake is inadequate in this population, however few studies have examined the association of cognitive function, communication/hearing, and vision pattern with water intake adequacy. The purpose of this study was to determine water intake of nursing home residents and the relationship of cognitiye function, communication/hearing, and vision patterns among nursing home residents.
Observation of 39 subjects living in a long-term care facility in metropolitan Northwest Iowa was conducted. The mean percentage of the standard water requirement was 66%, ranging from 27% to 112%. The data revealed that only four (N=39) of the subjects exceeded 100% the standard requirement of 1,600 m1/m2 of body surface area; 14 met or exceeded 66% of their requirement. Variables significantly found to be associated with inadequate water intake were increased length of stay, inability to recall current season, and hearing difficulty. Health care providers may need education to assist in the identification of at-risk factors as well as on intervention strategies to promote adequate water intake. Promotion of optimal health in this population is of utmost importance.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Nursing home patients -- Nutrition -- Requirements
Nursing home patients -- Physiology
Water in the body



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


Copyright © 1994 Deborah Erickson. All rights reserved