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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

William McBreen


nursing student psychology, psychological aspects of nursing, stress


A study of 95 baccalaureate degree nursing students was conducted to identify amount of stress experienced in an initial and final clinical experience. The students' appraisal of stress as threatening or challenging was determined along with the mediating variable of hardiness. First semester medical-surgical clinical students (n = 54) and final semester medical-surgical clinical students (n = 41) completed a Clinical Stress Questionnaire and a hardiness measure.
Statistical analysis showed significantly (p< 0.05) more reported stress among final semester clinical students. Final semester clinical students also reported significantly more stress as treat than first semester students. The two groups did not differ significantly on the variables of hardiness, commitment and control. The challenge trait was significantly higher in the first semester student group.
As an entire group, hardiness was negatively related to the evaluation of threat (r = -0.3017) and younger students possessed more of the challenge personality trait. Single students reported greater threat, general stress, and lower total hardiness than married students.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Nursing students -- Psychology
Nursing -- Psychological aspects
Stress (Psychology)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


Copyright © 1992 Lucinda Mehl. All rights reserved