Off-campus South Dakota State University users: To download campus access theses, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your South Dakota State University ID and password.

Non-South Dakota State University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis through interlibrary loan.

Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Phyllis Gaspar


patient education, preoperative care, anxiety testing


The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of two different types of preoperative instruction on learning and anxiety. Group one received a preadmission booklet containing preoperative exercises and was taught the exercises postadmission. Group two received only the booklet containing the preoperative exercises preadmission. Both groups were tested for knowledge of exercise behaviors and for anxiety level after admission. Data collection and instruction was completed by the researcher and one assistant. Results revealed that those patients who received the booklet as well as the postadmission instruction gained significantly more knowledge than those receiving only the booklet explaining the exercises. The group receiving both types of instruction also had higher anxiety scores. A major implication of this study is the need for nurses to not underestimate their role in patient teaching. Significantly more knowledge was gained when nurses participated in the teaching. A moderate increase in anxiety level played a positive role in learning in this study as these patients were more knowledgeable.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Patient education
Preoperative care
Anxiety -- Testing



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


Copyright © 1990 Janet Reich. All rights reserved