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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date

1998

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Barbara Heater

Keywords

aspirin, myocardial infarction prevention, rural elderly health risk assessment

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to describe the patterns of aspirin (ASA) use for primary and secondary prevention of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Cardiac risk factors, perception of risk, discussion of ASA use and recommendations from healthcare providers (HCPs) are also described. The sample of 93 rural-dwelling elderly who attended midwestem Senior Citizen Centers were queried about cardiac risks, risk perception, and ASA use. Results suggest underuse of ASA for both primary and secondary prevention of AMI, Predictors of ASA use were a history of coronary heart disease (CHD) and hypertension. A significant difference in perceived cardiac risk existed between those who discussed ASA with a HCP and those who did not, and between those who had a HCP recommendation for ASA and those who did not. HCPs must actively assess cardiac riskand recommend ASAfor patients at high risk.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Aspirin
Myocardial infarction -- Prevention
Rural elderly -- Health risk assessment

Format

application/pdf

Number of Pages

109

Publisher

South Dakota State University

Rights

Copyright © 1998 Charyl Barglof. All rights reserved

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