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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Bill McBreen


fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol use among Great Plains Indian women, alcohol use among Great Plains pregnant women, health behavior


This study is a retrospective chart review. The medical records at an Indian Health Service hospital located on a plains Indian reservation in the United States were examined over a fourteen year period to determine the differences among selected variables in case and control mothers. Case mothers consisted of women who had given birth to a child with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). The control mothers consisted of woman who had not given birth to a child with FAS on the same reservation. The hypotheses of this thesis were that mothers of children diagnosed with FAS have a higher incidence of cigarette smoking, poor nutritional status, history of sexually transmitted disease (STD) exposure, and be significantly older than the control group. Statistical differences were found in the variables of age and nutritional status supporting the hypotheses in these areas.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Indian women -- Alcohol use -- Great Plains
Pregnant women -- Alcohol use -- Great Plains
Health behavior



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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