Off-campus South Dakota State University users: To download campus access theses, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your South Dakota State University ID and password.

Non-South Dakota State University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis through interlibrary loan.

Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

William McBreen


employee health promotion, employye health and hygiene, exercise


Despite a high prevalence of work-site wellness programs only 20-50% of participants continue to engage in regular exercise. This study used Pender's theory of Health Promotive Lifestyles to study determinants of exercise. The design consisted of secondary analysis of data, descriptive correlational, and qualitative methods. The midwestern United States was the area where the sample was obtained. A convenience sample of 753 health care worker participants in a wellness program and a random subset of 53 of these participants were used. Exercise prescription used was the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). Health screenings (pre-tests) included: carbon monoxide (CO) levels, blood cholesterol, blood pressure, and exercise participation. Descriptive statistics, correlations, log linear analysis, and qualitative analysis were used. Significant positive associations were between exercise success and number of times per week of exercise (r=.315, p=.002) and number of activities (r=.304, p=.027). Log linear analysis determined time and weather as barriers were the most succinct model (Likelihood ratio 5.13 (p=.162)) The variance in exercise behavior appears to be multifactorial. Further study should standardize exercise levels, measures, and determinants (especially social support).

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Employee health promotion
Employees -- Health and hygiene



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


Copyright © 1997 Dawn Van Ruler. All rights reserved