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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Kay Foland


menopause hormone therapy, therapeautic use of progesterone, health aspects of hormone therapy


There are more than 40 million women in the United States who are menopausal. The general age at which a woman reaches menopause is 50years. American women will now spend approximately one third of their lives in menopause due to a longer life expectancy (Li et al., 1996; Warren & Kulak, 1999).
Many women may experience symptoms of declining ovarian function and seek medical assistance. Several therapies have been utilized to help alleviate menopausal symptoms. These include a variety of synthetic hormones, bioidentical hormones, herbal products, and homeopathic remedies.
The purpose of this study was to compare menopausal symptoms reported by women taking synthetic hormone replacement therapy or bioidentical progesterone. Participants were asked to recall the symptoms they experienced before starting treatment and what symptoms they were currently encountering on hormone therapy. There was no statistically significant difference in symptoms between the two groups of women prior to starting hormone therapy. There was a significant difference between the two groups of women currently on hormone therapy in the vasomotor domain. There was no significant difference between the HRT and progesterone groups currently on hormone therapy in the psychosocial, physical, and sexual domains.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Menopause -- Hormone therapy.
Progesterone -- Therapeutic use.
Hormone therapy -- Health aspects.



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


Copyright © 2001 Kay Foland. All rights reserved