Teresa Motlas

Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Health and Nutritional Sciences


Objective: To determine whether preschool children (3 to 6 years of age) in lower income (

Design: This project is part of a needs assessment and planning process for the South Dakota Department of Health. The purpose was to collect data regarding TV viewing of preschool children in order to develop programs that target childhood obesity through increased physical activity and the reduction of sedentary behaviors.

Subjects: One-thousand four hundred and ninety two licensed daycare providers and 4979 parents of preschoolers in South Dakota.

Methods: A two phase survey protocol was designed. Phase 1) South Dakota licensed day care providers completed a survey of facility activities and distributed surveys to parents of preschoolers. Phase 2) Parents completed surveys with demographic data and reported child’s weight/height, eating and activity behaviors.

Statistical Analysis: Data was analyzed using SAS Version 9.0. Results of Chi-square analysis were considered significant at the p

Results: Phase 1 A total 433 daycares of the 1430 eligible facilities participated in the survey process, including 316 (73.0%) home, 75 (17.3%) center, and 42 (9.7%) group family-based daycares, Time spent in activity is associated to daycare type. The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel X2test indicated statistical differences in screen time (X2=69.12, p

activities {X2= 7.62, p2=12.6, p

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Preschool children -- South Dakota

Television and children -- South Dakota

Physical fitness for children -- South Dakota

Obesity in children -- South Dakota

Poor children -- South Dakota



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University



Rights Statement

In Copyright