phases of poultry, poultry, young chicks, diseases, animal husbandry department
Agricultural Extension Service, South Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts
Feeding too soon, crowding, chilling, or overheating caused the death of many young chicks. Much loss is cause by saving the weak or crippled chicks which were not strong enough to get out of the shell by themselves. This is a mistake for by making these and watching carefully it has been found that about 2 percent live and these are never strong healthy chicks. They are the first to get disease, often spreading it among the healthy ones.
Sutter, Clara M., "Phases of Poultry Work: Diseases of Young Chicks" (1923). SDSU Extension Circulars. 136.