turkey, poultry, animal husbandry department
Agricultural Extension Service, South Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts
In the past, South Dakota turkey producers relied heavily upon shipped-in eggs as their source of poults. This was primarily due to three factors, (1) the industry was comparatively small and the demand was only moderate, (2) lateness in the season of available eggs to supply poults (3) lack of knowledge on the care of breeders. The tremendous increase in turkey production has brought about a change in this practice. Seventy-five percent of the state's turkey growers secured poults from their own breeding flock, according to a study made by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station. Some of the contributing factors for this shift were: High cost of shipped-in eggs, irregularity of the supply which did not have definite methods of flock improvement, shipped-in stock not acclimated to South Dakota temperatures and the realization by turkey producers that turkey breeding flocks could be profitable. (See more in text.)
Wilson, W. O., "Turkey Manual" (1943). SDSU Extension Circulars. 399.