weather, climate, calves, calf survival
Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
Calf survival in northern climates can be a challenge. Death losses after birth may be due to one or more of several factors including infectious agents, dystocia, genetic abnormalities, and environmental stress.2 Cow nutrition also influences calf survivability2,3,7 as well as the timing and type of colostrum intake.8 These factors, whether singular events or in combination, dramatically impact calf survival.
Butler, Lanette; Daly, Russ; and Wright, Cody, "Cold Stress and Newborn Calves" (2006). SDSU Extension Extra Archives. 73.