Survey Development to Assess College Students' Perceptions of the Campus Environment
Objective: We developed and tested a College Environmental Perceptions Survey (CEPS) to assess college students’ perceptions of the healthfulness of their campus. Methods: CEPS was developed in 3 stages: questionnaire development, validity testing, and reliability testing. Questionnaire development was based on an extensive literature review and input from an expert panel to establish content validity. Face validity was established with the target population using cognitive interviews with 100 college students. Concurrent-criterion validity was established with in-depth interviews (N = 30) of college students compared to surveys completed by the same 30 students. Surveys completed by college students from 8 universities (N = 1147) were used to test internal structure (factor analysis) and internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha). Results: After development and testing, 15 items remained from the original 48 items. A 5-factor solution emerged: physical activity (4 items, α = .635), water (3 items, α = .773), vending (2 items, α = .680), healthy food (2 items, α = .631), and policy (2 items, α = .573). The mean total score for all universities was 62.71 (±11.16) on a 100-point scale. Conclusion: CEPS appears to be a valid and reliable tool for assessing college students’ perceptions of their health-related campus environment.
American Journal of Health Behavior
DOI of Published Version
Sowers, Morgan F.; Colby, Sarah E.; Greene, Geoffrey W.; Pickett, Mackenzie; Franzen-Castle, Lisa; Olfert, Melissa D.; Shelnutt, Karla; Brown, Onika; Horacek, Tanya M.; Kidd, Tandalayo; Kattelmann, Kendra; White, Adrienne A.; Zhou, Wenjun; Riggsbee, Kristin; Yan, Wangcheng; and Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol, "Survey Development to Assess College Students' Perceptions of the Campus Environment" (2017). Health and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications. 175.