exercise, obesity, prevention, risk factors
Background: Lower habitual physical activity and poor cardiorespiratory fitness are common features of the metabolically abnormal obese (MAO) phenotype that contribute to increased cardiovascular disease risk. The aims of the present study were to determine 1) whether community-based exercise training transitions MAO adults to metabolically healthy, and 2) whether the odds of transition to metabolically healthy were larger for obese individuals who performed higher volumes of exercise and/or experienced greater increases in fitness. Methods and results: Metabolic syndrome components were measured in 332 adults (190 women, 142 men) before and after a supervised 14-week community-based exercise program designed to reduce cardiometabolic risk factors. Obese (body mass index ≥30 kgm2) adults with two to four metabolic syndrome components were classified as MAO, whereas those with no or one component were classified as metabolically healthy but obese (MHO). After community exercise, 27/68 (40%) MAO individuals (P
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
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Dalleck, Lance C.; Van Guilder, Gary; Richardson, Tara B.; Bredle, Donald L.; and Janot, Jeffery M., "A Community-based Exercise Intervention Transitions Metabolically Abnormal Obese Adults to a Metabolically Healthy Obese Phenotype" (2014). Health and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications. 36.
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