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Objectives: The primary objectives of this extended literature review were to provide a basic overview of the Ghanaian healthcare system and breakdown some of its complexities, analyze what aspects of the Ghanaian healthcare system are effective with specific focus on accessibility, affordability, increased education, and government involvement, and recognize room for improvement within the Ghanaian healthcare system with specific focus on major disparities, barriers in rural areas, and government involvement.
Background: The healthcare system in Ghana is quite complex as there are many different routes for patients to seek care. This can be done via public health facilities through the NHIS, private health facilities, or traditionalists/herbalists. Each route presents benefits and challenges depending on patient demographics. Conclusions: The Ghanaian healthcare system while complex does offer coverage to an expansive patient demographic. Increases in health literacy and coverage for maternity care has resulted in positive health outcomes. Yet, accessibility and affordability for the core poor and those in rural areas is still lacking. Further changes and a shift in focus for the entire system is necessary in order to reach those who are underserved.

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South Dakota State University


International Public Health

Ghanaian Healthcare Research and Reflection (Paper)



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