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Departmental Paper Identifier
Food habits of the mourning dove (Zenaida macroura) have been extensively studied in the southern United States (McClure 1943, Korschgen 1958, Carpenter 1971) and consist primarily of vegetable matter throughout their range (Beckwith 1959). Diet studies in several states have indicated agricultural crops, specifically corn and wheat, were the most readily consumed plant seeds (Korshgen 1958, Carpenter 1971). Similarities observed in diets of doves were dependent on the agricultural crops available within the area. For example, in Missouri, some seasonal variability was documented suggesting doves forage based on food availability as much as by food preference (Korschgen 1958). However, in the agriculturally dominated landscape of east central South Dakota (SD), the two most important food items for doves were green (Setaria viridis) and yellow foxtail (S. glauca; Van’t Hul and Jenks 1992).
The Prairie Naturalist
South Dakota State University
Smith, Joshua B.; Grovenburg, Troy; Perrion, Matthew A.; Augspurger, Jason M.; Bultje, Trevor W.; Robinson, Anna M.; Crider, Brandi L.; Shubham, Datta; and Jenks, Jonathan A., "Are Land-use Changes Reflected in Diets of Mourning Doves (Zenaida macroura) in Eastern South Dakota" (2015). Natural Resource Management Faculty Publications. 110.