he utility of environmental DNA (eDNA) as a detection tool for fisheries management is limited by dilution and degradation, especially in areas of low fish abundance. This proof-of-concept study addressed these challenges by testing whether food or pheromones might be used to attract invasive carp so they can be measured more readily using eDNA. In two experiments, PIT-tagged carp were stocked into ponds (N = 3 for silver carp; N = 1 for common carp) while one of two stimuli (planktonic food [spirulina] for silver carp and a sex pheromone [prostaglandin F2α] for male common carp) was added to determine if we could attract fish to one side while measuring both fish presence (detections) and eDNA concentrations. The addition of spirulina increased detections of silver carp by 2–3 fold, while eDNA concentrations increased by 4-fold on the test side when compared to the side without the stimulus. The addition of the sex pheromone increased detections of common carp by ~25-fold, where a 6-fold increase in eDNA concentrations was measured (p < 0.05). A strong positive correlation was noted between fish presence and eDNA concentration for both species. These experiments demonstrate that food and pheromone stimuli could be used to attract invasive carp so they could be measured more easily and accurately.
DOI of Published Version
© 2022 the Authors
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Ghosal, R.; Coulter, A.A.; Sorensen, P.W. Proof-of-Concept Studies Demonstrate That Food and Pheromone Stimuli Can Be Used to Attract Invasive Carp So Their Presence Can Be Readily Measured Using Environmental DNA. Fishes 2022, 7, 176. https://doi.org/ 10.3390/fishes7040176