Coniophora Graminicola Nijveldt (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), a European Gall Midge Newly Discovered in North America
Four gall midge species are reported to feed on Phalaris arundinacea L. (Poales: Poaceae) inflorescences (Barnes 1946; Nijveldt 1959; Abbass 1984, 1986) and stems (Barnes 1927, 1946; Abbass 1984; Sylve´n et al. 1997). We report here the first American record of Coniophora graminicola Nijveldt, 1959 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) a European species of gall midge associated with P. arundinacea inflorescences. Five species are assigned to Coniophora Nijveldt (Gagne´ and Jaschhof 2017), all with natural Palearctic distributions, and with C. graminicola as the only species of the genus known to be associated with grass hosts (Gagne´ and Jaschhof 2017). Phalaris arundinacea is a Holarctic species that has widespread use in North America for forage and erosion control properties (Lavergne and Molofosky 2004, Casler et al. 2009).
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington
DOI of Published Version
Lopez, J.Manuel Perilla and Johnson, P. J., "Coniophora Graminicola Nijveldt (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), a European Gall Midge Newly Discovered in North America" (2018). Oak Lake Field Station Research Publications. 63.