Title

Optimization and Application of a Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay to Detect Diaporthe Species in Soybean Plant Tissue

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-2016

Abstract

Diaporthe caulivora and D. longicolla are the causal agents of stem canker of soybean (Glycine max L.). Accurate identification of stem canker pathogens upon isolation from infected soybean plants is difficult and unreliable based on morphology. In this study, two TaqMan probe-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays were optimized for detection of D. caulivora and D. longicolla in soybean plants. The assays used previously reported D. caulivora-specific (DPC-3) and D. longicolla-specific (PL-3) probe/primer sets. The sensitivity limit of the two assays was determined to be over a range of 100 pg to 10 fg of pure D. caulivora and D. longicolla genomic DNA. The qPCR assays were validated with plant samples collected from commercial soybean fields. The PL-3 set detected D. longicolla in soybean plants collected from the fields (quantification cycle value <35), which was confirmed by isolation on potato dextrose agar (PDA). D. caulivora was detected only in low levels (quantification cycle value <40) by DPC-3 set in a few of the symptomatic field samples, although the pathogen was not isolated on PDA. The qPCR assays were also useful in quantitatively phenotyping soybean plants for resistance to D. caulivora and D. longicolla under greenhouse conditions.

Publication Title

Plant Disease

Volume

100

Issue

8

First Page

1669

Last Page

1676

DOI of Published Version

10.1094/PDIS-10-15-1204-RE

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