Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2018

Abstract

Weed management in organic farming requires many strategies to accomplish acceptable control and maintain crop yields. This 2-yr field study used air propelled abrasive grit for in-row weed control in organically certified silage corn (Zea mays L.). Corncob grit was applied as a single application at corn vegetative growth stages V1 (one true leaf; numbers correspond to number of true leaves at the corn vegetative stage), V3, or V5 (in 2013) and V3, V5, and V7 (in 2014) and in double and triple combinations at these stages. Between-row weed control was accomplished by flaming or cultivation after the last grit application. Grit effects on weed efficacy and silage yield were quantified and compared with hand-weeded and season-long weedy treatments. Grit applications decreased in-row weed biomass by >80% and increased yield up to 250% when compared with the weedy check. Single early applications (V1 and V3) increased yield, with additional treatments decreasing end-of-season weed density and biomass. Single late grit applications (V5 and V7) also decreased weed biomass, but silage yields were reduced compared with hand-weeded and early treatments. Early grit applications may have value for growers to control in-row annual weeds in organic silage corn without soil disturbance.

Publication Title

Agronomy Journal

Volume

110

Issue

2

First Page

632

Last Page

637

DOI of Published Version

10.2134/agronj2017.08.0454

Publisher

American Society of Agronomy

Rights

Copyright © 2018 by the American Society of Agronomy

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Comments

This open access article was published in Published in Agron. J. 110:632–637 (2018) doi:10.2134/agronj2017.08.0454

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