test weight, corn, energy
Net energy (NE) of diets containing 77.7% whole corn of either normal (53.8 Ib/bushel, NC) or light (40.8 Ib/bushel, LC) test weight was determined by total collection and indirect respiration calorimetry using six crossbred steers (avg wt 327 kg). Diet treatments were applied in a switchback design. The steers were initially adapted to ad libitum intake of either NC or LC diets for 32 days followed by 7 days total feces and urine collection. Gaseous exchange was subsequently measured for at least 48 hours. Intake was then reduced to an estimated 1.1 times maintenance for 6 days and collections were repeated. The steers were then switched between NC and LC diets and the entire process was repeated. As a percentage of gross energy consumed, fecal energy losses were 32% greater for the NC diet compared to LC (P< .01). Urinary energy losses were unaffected by diet (P > .20). Although energy lost as methane did not differ between diets at high intake, it was 27% greater for LC than NC at low intake (interaction P.20). Partial efficiencies of ME used for maintenance (k,) and gain (k,), as well as ME required for maintenance, also were not different (P>.20). Diet NE for maintenance and gain was 13% greater for LC than NC. NE estimates calculated by difference for light and normal whole corn were 2.48, 1.65, 2.15 and 1.43 mcal/kg dry matter, respectively. These data demonstrate that corn of low test weight is not inherently lower in NE content than normal corn.
Number of Pages
South Dakota State University
Copyright © 1994 South Dakota State University.
Birkelo, C. P.; Pritchard, R. H.; Buhman, M.; Grosch, S.; and Willms, C., "Net Energy of Finishing Diets Containing Light or Normal Test Weight Corn" (1994). South Dakota Beef Report, 1994. 3.