beef cows, winter range, abailable forage, wheat middlings, supplement
Two winter grazing trials were conducted at the SDSU Cottonwood Research Station near Cottonwood, SD, to compare wheat middlings to soybean meal and corn-soybean meal supplements. In consecutive years, grazing trials from December to February were conducted using Simmental x Angus crossbred cows grazing two pastures with differing amounts of available forage and fed four supplemental treatments that were balanced to provide the following amounts of crude protein (Ib) and metabolizable energy (Mcal) per cow daily: 1) soybean meal .75 and 2.40, 2) low wheat middlings .75 and 4.76, 3) corn-soybean meal 1.50 and 9.40, and 4) high wheat middlings 1.50 and 9.40. Cows grazing the high available forage pasture gained 53 Ib more than those grazing the low available forage pasture. The supplement x pasture interaction indicates that level of available forage affects response to the supplemental treatment. When available forage was low, wheat middlings was a less effective source of supplemental protein than soybean meal. When available forage was high, soybean meal and the low wheat middlings supplements resulted in similar cow weight gains. Regardless of forage availability, the high wheat middlings supplement was a less effective source of supplemental energy cornpared to the corn-soybean meal supplement balanced to provide equal protein and energy. The supplement x year interaction resulted from soybean meal being more beneficial than low wheat middlings in year 1 while in year 2, soybean meal and low wheat middlings resulted in similar cow performance.
Number of Pages
South Dakota State University
Copyright © 1995 South Dakota State University.
Heldt, J. S.; Pruitt, R. J.; Haigh, R. H.; and Young, D. B., "Evaluation of Wheat Middlings as a Supplement for Beef Cows Grazing Native Winter Range" (1995). South Dakota Beef Report, 1995. 4.