Our objective was to compare the performance of Pfizer’s GeneSTAR and Igenity’s PROFILE DNA tests in crossbred beef cattle. Hair follicles were collected from 394 crossbred steers that were part of the South Dakota State University Calf Value Discovery project (n = 145) and calves that were fed at the SDSU Southeast Research Farm (n = 249) in 2011. Hair follicles were sent to Pfizer Animal Genetics and Igenity for testing with their GeneSTAR and PROFILE DNA tests, respectively. Marbling score (100-999 scale), ribeye area, fat thickness, carcass weight, yield grade, quality grade, and % kidney, pelvic, and heart fat was collected post-harvest on all steers. Using this dataset, we first asked whether each DNA test was associated with marbling scores. If the DNA tests were not associated with marbling, then the tests may not be useful for predicting genetic merit for marbling in crossbred cattle. The GeneSTAR and PROFILE DNA tests were associated with marbling scores, but this association was not high. Second, we asked whether GeneSTAR and PROFILE DNA test results were associated with each other. If test results were not correlated, then using both DNA test results together may improve genetic predictions. GeneSTAR and PROFILE tests for tenderness were highly correlated, suggesting that DNA markers for tenderness are similar for both tests. GeneSTAR and PROFILE DNA tests for marbling and feed efficiency were not highly correlated, raising the possibility that both tests could be used jointly to improve genetic predictions for these traits. However, using both GeneSTAR and PROFILE DNA tests jointly did not appreciably improve predictions for marbling score in our dataset. We conclude that, although both GeneSTAR and PROFILE DNA tests were associated with marbling score, the correlation between these tests and marbling was low in our sample of crossbred cattle. Further, using GeneSTAR and PROFILE DNA tests for marbling and feed efficiency may improve genetic predictions for these traits, but we did not find evidence that using both tests jointly improves predictions for marbling.
Number of Pages
South Dakota State University
Copyright © 2012 South Dakota State University.
Gonda, M.G.; Perry, G.A.; Holland, B.P.; and Wright, C.L., "Comparing Pfizer GeneSTAR and Igenity PROFILE DNA tests
in Crossbred Cattle" (2012). South Dakota Beef Report, 2012. 5.