Livestock housing at the Opportunities Farm is comprised of three different cattle feeding pen designs. The three pen designs are a monoslope barn (MON), open pens (OPN), and open pens with shelter over the feeding area (OS). Analyses of 6 years of data ranging from 2008 through 2013 were conducted. Morbidity and mortality rates for each year were compared for all cattle fed during the six year interval, regardless of feeding facility design. Cattle fed at the Opportunities Farm during this period had morbidity and mortality rates equivalent to what would be expected by feedlots throughout North America. Morbidity significantly differed by year. Specifically, year influenced incidences of respiratory disease, foot rot, and lameness but had no effect on mortality. A comparative analysis of the effect of feeding pen design on cattle health was conducted. The OPN design had higher total morbidity and incidence of respiratory disease than the OS design. No differences relative to facility design were found for any other animal health measure.
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South Dakota State University
Copyright © 2015 South Dakota State University
Carroll, H.; McDaniel, R.; and Lowe, M., "A Six Year Summary of Feedlot Health Records from the Opportunities Farm" (2015). South Dakota Beef Report, 2015. 11.