Confinement production of swine is not necessarily suited to all producers, and, in part, may in certain instances be undesirable. It does, however, offer the advantage of greater production potential per unit of labor expended through maximum use of mechanization and automation. In addition, confinement protects the animals from the environmental extremes which cause wide variations in level of performance. Deterrents to confinement swine production have largely involved disease buildup and the difficulties associated with manure disposal. Since their introduction in the early 1950’s, antibiotics have been a valuable aid in preventing disease buildup, but handling and disposal of the large volumes of hog wastes have frequently continued to be major obstacles. Mechanical means of cleaning—scraping (by hand or tractor scrapers), water pressure, gutter-cleaner equipment, and various combinations of these—reduced total manual labor but in many cases accentuated the inadequacy of collection and/or storage units. This latter problem deterred many producers from changing from pasture programs and their "built-in manure disposal system."
Number of Pages
Agricultural Experiment Station and Extension Service, South Dakota State College
Jensen, A.H., "Swine Housing and Management in Confinement Production Systems" (1963). South Dakota Swine Field Day Proceedings and Research Reports, 1963-11-11. 8.