A.S. Series 67-25
Baby pig anemia is a serious nutritional disease. It is primarily due to a lack of iron in the diet of the young pig. Pigs are born with very little stores of iron in their bodies. Also, sow' s milk does not contain enough iron to meet the pig' s requirements. Therefore young pigs which subsist on milk alone commonly become anemic at about three weeks of age. The fastest growing pigs are the first to show symptoms because they require more of this essential nutrient. Symptoms of anemia are: (1) respiratory difficulties shown by thumping of sides1 (2) paleness of skin, (3) emaciation, and (4) roughness of the hair. There are many methods available to prevent anemia in young pigs. The most common methods that have been used are: (1) iron injection given intramuscularly, (2) providing clean soil in the corner of the pen, (3) painting sows' udders with cupric sulfate paste, (4) giving iron orally, by mouth in the form of pills, (5) licking devices. and (6) compounds mixed into the drinking water. The objectives of the trials reported here were to measure the relative effectiveness of an intramuscular iron dextrin compound, a ferrous choline citrate compound added at four different levels in the drinking water and a ferrous fumarate pellet implanted intramuscularly for the prevention of iron deficiency anemia.
Number of Pages
Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota State University
Magstadt, R.D.; Seerley, R.W.; and Wahlstrom, R.C., "A Comparsion of Three Methods of Iron Administration in Preventing Baby Pig Anemia" (1967). South Dakota Swine Field Day Proceedings and Research Reports, 1967. 2.