Effect of Bacitracin on Tetracycline Resistance in Escherichia coli and Salmonella
bacitracin, tetracycline, antibiotic, antibiotic resistance, antimicrobial, growth promotant, Escherichia coli, salmonella
Tetracyclines and bacitracin are used extensively as a growth promotant and a therapeutic, respectively in livestock. In this study, we test whether there is an interaction between bacitracin and tetracycline that can select for an increase in microbial tetracycline sensitivity, using Escherichia coli and Salmonella as a model. We found viain vitro studies that bacitracin at sublethal concentrations preferentially selects for outgrowth of tetracycline-sensitive bacteria from among a population of tetracycline-resistant and tetracycline-sensitive E. coli and Salmonella strains. Most of the bacterial strains employed in our study were shown by PCR to possess the tetracycline resistance gene tet(A) or tet(C), either of whose activity is associated with tetracycline efflux. Bacitracin could be substituted for the lipophylic chelator, fusaric acid, used as a positive selective agent for tetracycline sensitivity. Together, these observations suggest that bacitracin-mediated selection for tetracycline sensitivity alters the function of tetracycline efflux proteins. Using bacitracin and tetracycline simultaneously may improve the effectiveness of the antibiotics, while decreasing the risk of selecting for a population of tetracycline-resistant microorganisms.
DOI of Published Version
Copyright © 2009 Elsevier
Lin, J., A. T. Wolff, A.K. Erickson, and D. Francis. 2009. Effect of bacitracin on tetracycline resistance in Escherichia coli and Salmonella. Vet. Microbiol. 138:353-360. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.03.031