Development of an Indirect ELISA, Blocking ELISA, Fluorescent Microsphere Immunoassay and Fluorescent Focus Neutralization Assay for Serologic Evaluation of Exposure to North American Strains of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), Serology, ELISA, Fluorescent microsphere immunoassay (FMIA), Fluorescent Focus Neutralization (FFN)
Recent, severe outbreaks of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in Asia and North America highlight the need for well-validated diagnostic tests for the identification of PEDV infected animals and evaluation of their immune status to this virus. PEDV was first detected in the U.S. in May 2013 and spread rapidly across the country. Some serological assays for PEDV have been previously described, but few were readily available in the U.S. Several U.S. laboratories quickly developed indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) assays for the detection of antibodies to PEDV in swine serum, indicating prior exposure. However, the IFA has several disadvantages, including low throughput and relatively subjective interpretation. Different serologic test formats have advantages and disadvantages, depending on the questions being asked, so a full repertoire of tests is useful. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop and validate multiple improved serological assays for PEDV, including an indirect ELISA (iELISA); a highly specific monoclonal antibody-based blocking ELISA (bELISA); fluorescent microsphere immunoassays (FMIA) that can be multiplexed to monitor exposure to multiple antigens and pathogens simultaneously; and a fluorescent focus neutralization assay (FFN) to measure functional virus neutralizing antibodies.
BMC Veterinary Research
DOI of Published Version
Copyright © 2015 Okda et al.
Okda, Faten; Liu, Xiaodong; Singrey, Aaron; Clement, Travis; Nelson, Julie; Christopher-Hennings, Jane; Nelson, Eric A.; and Lawson, Steven, "Development of an Indirect ELISA, Blocking ELISA, Fluorescent Microsphere Immunoassay and Fluorescent Focus Neutralization Assay for Serologic Evaluation of Exposure to North American Strains of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus" (2015). Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications. 6.
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