Document Type


Publication Date



Agricultural Economics Department

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research report, progress report, central substation, highmore, livestock research, livestock, forages, grasses, legumes, poultry, horticulture, soil fertility


Central Substation has been serving central South Dakota for over 50 years. It was established in 1901 on land deeded to the state by Mr. and Mrs. Frank Drew in 1899. There are 117.15 acres, and the location is immediately northwest of Highmore on Highway 14. For many years the research was conducted under the watchful eye of the late Steve Sussex. He served as superintendent from 1908 to 1948. After Mr. Sussex retired, he and Mrs. Sussex continued to live at the substation. I became superintendent in 1950 and found his counsel very helpful in carrying on the research activities. Gerald Keehn had served as superintendent from 1948 to 1950. Much has been accomplished at the station since the original one-tenth-acre plots were laid out permanently in 1908. In July 1932, crop yields over a 19-year period were summarized in Experiment Station bulletin 272. Four types of crop rotations were started in 1912 and have been continued ever since. The fruits of these trials are perhaps just being realized. That is the great value of your experiment stations. They formulate recommendations from results obtained over 5 or 10 or even 40 years or more of research-not just a year or two. Extreme care must be taken to avoid errors in our results. That is why we use long-time research results and repeat each trial a number of times and at various locations. Highly trained scientists of the State Experiment Station staff help us conduct the research. We find that people of this area have a friendly feeling toward the substation and its activities. Results of the research have been brought to their attention through field days and reports in newspapers and publications. When Mr. Drew donated the Janel for the substation he said that knowledge secured from this land would serve as a basis for farming. We should keep his foresight in mind.










South Dakota State State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Agricultural Experiment Station