Document Type

DNP - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Robin Arends


Introduction: Compassion fatigue is prevalent among nurses. Nurses and patients are negatively impacted by the occurrence of compassion fatigue. Research has indicated that nurses working in high-acuity areas, such as the emergency department, are more likely to experience compassion fatigue. Mindfulness training has been shown to reduce symptoms of compassion fatigue. The goal of this project was to examine the effect of mindfulness training on Professional Quality of Life V (ProQOL-V-V) subscale scores.
Evidence Summary: An evidence search was conducted using the EBSCO Megafile, CINAHL, APA PsychArticles, and APA PsychInfo databases. Keywords: Professional Quality of Life, Maslach Burnout Inventory, Oldenburg Burnout Inventory, Coppenhagen Burnout Inventory, burnout, compassion fatigue, and mindfulness. Articles were limited to publication dates of 2010-2020, full-text availability, peer-reviewed items, and the English language. Review articles were excluded. The literature suggests that the profession of nursing and systems where nursing occurs should be aware of compassion fatigue and take measures to recognize and prevent it.
Gaps: Further research is needed to identify accurate methods of identifying, measuring, and preventing compassion fatigue.
Recommendations for Practice: There are multiple tools that can be used to assess compassion fatigue. Mindfulness training is a valid option for preventing and reducing compassion fatigue.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Emergency nursing -- Psychological aspects.
Mindfulness (Psychology)
Secondary traumatic stress.
Nurse and patient.

Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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