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Document Type

DNP - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Robin Arends

Second Advisor

Christina Plemmons


Introduction: Sports-related concussions (SRCs) impact millions annually despite media attention. Outcomes associated with SRCs are attributed to actions taken following a head injury. These actions are not taken if an athlete does not report their symptoms to someone in charge. This project aims to increase knowledge and reporting behavior among adolescent athletes on a rural high school wrestling team using an educational module followed by discussion.
Methods: Nineteen articles related to the PICOT question were included from online databases: Cochrane Library, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed and Medline. Knowledge is a precursor to behavior in terms of concussion reporting. Interventions aimed at student athletes utilized video education and recommended a subsequent method to improve knowledge retention and ultimately affect behavior.
Gaps: Few studies utilize a sample of adolescent athletes, so few recommendations exist for this specific population. Also, no two studies examined the same educational video to further validate intervention. Finally, there is a lack of studies using rural populations.
Recommendations for Practice: Interventions aimed at improving education and reporting among adolescent student athletes should be done via a theory-based, data driven multimedia education followed by reinforcement of learned content to improve retention.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Brain -- Concussion -- Reporting.
Sports injuries.
High school athletes -- Wounds and injuries.

Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


© 2021 Thomas J. Davies