Document Type

DNP - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Brandi Pracecek


Caprini risk assessment model, VTE education, nursing knowledge and attitude


Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of preventable death following a surgical procedure in the United States. To reduce this risk, it is crucial that nurses are able to recognize VTE risks, perform a VTE risk assessment, and follow appropriate prophylactic recommendations.
Methods: Nurses received VTE education and the Caprini risk assessment model (RAM) was initiated at a rural outpatient surgery center. A pre- and postquestionnaire approach was utilized to evaluate nurses’ attitudes and knowledge on VTE risk assessment. Utilization of the Caprini RAM was tracked. Results: There were 8 nurse participants. At a 5% level of significance, there was an overall improvement in mean knowledge scores and improvement in attitudes. P-values were very close to the significance level. Caprini RAM utilization was 74%. Discussion: Results of the project suggest that education and implementation of a VTE risk assessment improves nursing knowledge and attitudes, but more evidence is needed to come to a definitive conclusion.
Implications for Practice: Educating nurses on VTE and risk assessment has the potential to improve nurses’ knowledge and attitude. Increased awareness may promote proper VTE prophylaxis for surgical patients, having the potential to improve patient outcomes by decreasing VTE rates, and possibly saving lives.


South Dakota State University


Copyright © Mikelle Eliason