Title

Can Physical Activity Improve Peak Bone Mass?

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-2013

Abstract

The pediatric origin of osteoporosis has led many investigators to focus on determining factors that influence bone gain during growth and methods for optimizing this gain. Bone responds to bone loading activities by increasing mass or size. Overall, pediatric studies have found a positive effect of bone loading on bone size and accrual, but the types of loads necessary for a bone response have only recently been investigated in human studies. Findings indicate that responses vary by sex, maturational status, and are site-specific. Estrogen status, body composition, and nutritional status also may influence the bone response to loading. Despite the complex interrelationships among these various factors, it is prudent to conclude that increased physical activity throughout life is likely to optimize bone health.

Publication Title

Current Osteoporosis Reports

Volume

11

Issue

3

First Page

229

Last Page

236

DOI of Published Version

10.1007/s11914-013-0152-5

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