Document Type

Plan B - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Charles E. Lamberton


A critical motivation of the post-war drive for European unification was the desire to change the bases for Europe's relations with the rest of the world in an era of dominance by extraneous continental super-powers and of the decolonization of its own nineteenth-century empires. The strategy adopted after the col lapse of the European Defense Community (EDC) of concentrating on economic integration, and assuming that its inevitable success would facilitate political unification, left the European communities with few instruments for the pursuit of external policy. Even within the economic sphere joint methods of pol icy formation have only fully superceded the national institution in the fields of commerce and agriculture. The European Community is today linked by many bilaterial agreements with individual third countries, and it is committed to many more. The vast majority of these agreements are based on preferential trade arrangements, invariably granting the partner country easier access on a global basis for its industrial exports to the Community Market. Even before the Community enlargement, the Community was the biggest single export market for a large number of third countries, including many of the Mediterranean regions. Purely trading motivations led to a large number of countries seeking some form of special privileged relationship with the Community, and this polar attraction has been further increased by the enlargement.



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


Copyright © M. Nidal Shaar

Included in

Economics Commons