Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Natural Resource Management

First Advisor

Jonathan A. Jenks


deer, mule deer, pronghorn, South Dakota, white-tailed deer


To properly manage white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), and the American pronghorn antelope (Antilocapridae americana), wildlife managers must identify population perimeters, sample size, age and sex ratios of these three species. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate age and sex ratios and determine a minimum sample size for each study area for all deer species and pronghorn, in addition to deriving a methodology and population estimate for white-tailed deer in the Black Hills. Sample size needed for both species of deer and pronghorn ranged from 60-70 groups of does. Age ratios calculated from daylight counts did not differ between September and October (P =0.13) for white-tailed deer. Comparison of September and October differed (P

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Deer populations -- Black Hills (S.D. and Wyo.)

White-tailed deer -- Black Hills (S.D. and Wyo.)

Mule deer -- Black Hills (S.D. and Wyo.)

Pronghorn -- Black Hills (S.D. and Wyo.)


Includes bibliographical references (pages 70-85)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


Rights Statement

In Copyright