Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Sociology and Rural Studies

First Advisor

Weiwei Zhang


The gender wage gap is a long-standing and worldwide issue. Since the equality sense towards gender role are difference between rural and urban China, this paper will (1) compare the gender wage gap in rural and urban settings; (2) examine how the associated factors (such as education, occupation, and housework involvements) affect the wage; (3) assess and compare gender discrimination in the rural and urban labor markets. This paper utilizes the survey data from China Health and Nutrition Survey in 2011. The methods of descriptive statistics, correlation, and stepwise multiple regression models are applied in analyzing the data. The results suggest that: (1) the gender wage gap is larger in rural areas than in urban areas; (2) education has a positive effect on wage, housework involvement has a negative impact on wage, occupation difference is an important factor of wage difference; (3) gender discrimination exists in both rural and urban China, and gender discrimination is stronger in rural areas than in urban areas.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Wages -- Sex differences -- China.
Wage differentials -- China.
Sex discrimination in employment -- China.
Pay equity -- China.
Income distribution -- Sex differences -- China.


Includes bibliographical references (pages 41-44)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University



Rights Statement

In Copyright