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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date

1989

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Wildlife and Fisheries Science

Abstract

Muskrats (Ondatra zibethicus) and fluctuations of water level are the main forces controlling wetland vegetation cover and composition on a long term basis. IN the absence of artificial water control structures, properly managed muskrat populations are the most natural, long term means of regulating wetland vegetation. Reduction of prairie wetlands has the potential to influence muskrat dispersal patterns and consequently, to reduce the beneficial influences of muskrats on wetland habitats. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in seasonal wetlands emergent vegetation cover resulting from experimental manipulation of muskrat populations. Changes in cover of emergent vegetation due to muskrat introductions were difficult to interpret because of major fluctuations in water levels and muskrat populations. During 1986, high precipitation levels influenced emergent vegetation by increasing wetland mean water depth and inundating emergent vegetation. Any reduction of emergent vegetation cover created by manipulation of muskrat population could not be discerned from the effects of flooding. During 1987, extremely low precipitation reduced water levels and increased mean vegetation cover of treatment wetlands between the spring and fall period. Variations in water levels between years also influence muskrat populations, which further complicated the interpretation of the experimental effects. During both years, muskrat densities fluctuated during the experimental period due to dispersal of muskrats into and out of treatment wetlands during the experimental period. There were no significant differences (p>0.05) in emergent vegetation cover between treatments, years, or seasons, the interaction between seasons and treatments was not significant (p>0.05) indicating there was no seasonal change in emergent vegetation cover due to muskrat population manipulation. There was a highly significant interaction between year and seasonal effects (p<0.01), indicating the annual differences in water fluctuations were the controlling factor influencing seasonal changes in wetland vegetation. Indices of muskrat densities varied between treatments and years, and there was a treatment by year interaction (p<0.01), reflecting differences in water levels and public trapping pressure between years. Management implications and future research recommendations are discussed.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Wetland ecology
Muskrat -- South Dakota
Wetland plants -- South Dakota

Description

Includes bibliographical references (pages 38-41)

Format

application/pdf

Number of Pages

58

Publisher

South Dakota State University

Rights

No Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Only
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-NC/1.0/

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