Off-campus South Dakota State University users: To download campus access theses, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your South Dakota State University ID and password.

Non-South Dakota State University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis through interlibrary loan.

Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Plant Science

First Advisor

Paul J. Johnson


Invertebrates are used worldwide as focal ecological indicators of progress in restoration efforts on degraded habitats. In this study I examined the community assemblage of ants in varied ages of restored grasslands by comparing them to prairie remnants in the same region. Two different trapping methods were used to determine the ant assemblages among four age classes of prairie restorations in southeastern South Dakota. Results were compared to the community composition found on prairie remnants in the same region. Species richness was significantly different amongst the oldest restorations and remnants, but was not significant amongst the younger restorations. This suggests that there may be a level of predictiveness in their response to age and revegetation efforts, and that species richness and a functional group approach and provide a good basis to gauge restoration progress and ultimate success.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

prairies restoration--South Dakota
Grassland restoration--South Dakota
Ants--Ecology--South Dakota


Includes bibliographical references (pages 59-67).



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted