Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department / School

Sociology and Rural Studies

First Advisor

Meredith Redlin


Gender and development, gender equality and social inclusion, Gender mainstreaming, GESI mainstreaming, Nepali women, Women and water


This study is a process analysis of a newly implemented Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI) mainstreaming process within Ministry of Urban Development in Nepal. The study aims to understand GESI mainstreaming process within theoretical underpinnings of gender mainstreaming and framing. In understanding, the implementation of the GESI mainstreaming process the research also aims to understand the location of the process within different approach towards gender and development. The study analyzes how does GESI Mainstreaming process differs from previous approach in gender and development by understanding whether it creates a new standard for men, women and other vulnerable groups of Nepal and whether the process has received importance within the ministry. There are four primary findings of this research. First, there is disconnect between the process in paper and reality. Second, differing understanding of the mainstreaming process between the staffs in different departments in the ministry. Three, the mainstreaming process does not adequately address the issue of diversity and intersectionality within Nepali society. Four, there is an awkward relation between implied political ends and field practice. Findings of the study are a result of two-step coding process of open coding and structural coding. The research employed qualitative research methodology in interviewing forty staffs from MOUD. The study aims to fill the gap in the literature concerning GESI mainstreaming process as well as gender and development.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Nepal. Ministry of Urban Development.
Gender mainstreaming -- Nepal.
Social integration -- Nepal.
Social indicators -- Nepal.
Women -- Nepal -- Social conditions.


Includes bibliographical references (pages 159-163).



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University



Rights Statement

In Copyright