Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

First Advisor

Zengrong Gu


Biorefining, cellulose, Cellulosic ethanol, Lignocellulose, Nanocrystalline cellulose


As more demand for alternatives to petroleum and the industrial world’s love of cars increase, cellulosic ethanol will become more important. The ethanol can, of course, be used in the transportation fuel sector, but there is also a potential for co-products to be developed out of the cellulose to ethanol process. Some of these co-products have the potential to replace current petrol products. These co-products may provide the extra revenue generation needed for further investment and development of this industry. This would not only provide better energy independence, but in the United States, it would better satisfy the cellulosic ethanol gallon requirement of the RFS. The present review explores the cellulose to ethanol process and a potential co-product, purified crystalline cellulose (PCC), and potential industrial applications of said co-product.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Cellulosic ethanol.
Lignocellulose -- Biotechnology.
Ethanol fuel industry -- By-products.
Cellulose nanocrystals.


Includes bibliographical references (49-53)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


Rights Statement

In Copyright