Off-campus South Dakota State University users: To download campus access theses, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your South Dakota State University ID and password.

Non-South Dakota State University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis through interlibrary loan.

Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date

2015

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Animal Science

First Advisor

George Perry

Abstract

The use of sexed semen has become important in dairy herds across the U.S. but reported lower conception rates have limited the adaptation in some herds. The objective of this study was to determine if timing of AI and expression of estrus impacted fixedtime AI pregnancy success with sexed semen. Primiparous and multiparous lactating Holstein cows, were synchronized with a Presynch-Ovsynch protocol (PGF d -29; PGF d -19; 100μg GnRH and CIDR insertion d -9; PGF and CIDR removal d -2; GnRH d 0) starting at 35 DIM. The cows were allotted into a 2 x 2 factorial design with 1) sexed versus conventional semen and 2) insemination at second GnRH versus 16 hours later. Follicle size was determined by transrectal ultrasonography at GnRH administration and ovulation was confirmed on d -9, -5 and 4. Only those cows that ovulated after AI were utilized in the analysis (n = 130). Estrus detection was determined by visual observation with the aid of tail chalk. Blood samples were collected on (d -16, -9, -2, 0 and 4) to determine circulating concentrations of progesterone and estradiol by RIA. Data were analyzed using the MIXED procedures of SAS. There was a significant effect of time of insemination (P = 0.04) and estrus expression (P = 0.02) on pregnancy success. Cows inseminated 16 h after GnRH had greater pregnancy success compared to cows bred at x time of second GnRH (53% vs 35%, respectively), and cows expressing estrus had greater pregnancy success compared to cows not expressing estrus (54% vs 34%, respectively). However, there was no effect of semen (P = 0.20) or any interaction of semen by estrus (P = 0.55); semen by time (P = 0.47); or time by estrus (P = 0.23) on pregnancy success. There was no difference (P = 0.62) between treatments or between cows that became pregnant and cows that did not (P = 0.45) for follicle size at the second GnRH injection, but cows that expressed estrus had larger (P < 0.01) follicles than cows that did not express estrus. In conclusion, pregnancy success was significantly influenced by time of insemination and estrus expression, but was not influenced by semen, or any interactions. Therefore, sexed-semen can effectively be used in dairy herds and still achieve high levels of pregnancy success when proper timing of insemination is followed or among cows that exhibit standing estrus.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Holstein-Friesian cattle--Artificial insemination
Holstein-Friesian cattle--Breeding
Holstein-Friesian cattle--Reproduction
Semen
Estrus

Description

Includes bibliographical references (pages 75-99)

Format

application/pdf

Number of Pages

105

Publisher

South Dakota State University

Rights

In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC-EDU/1.0/

Share

COinS