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Thesis - University Access Only
Master of Science (MS)
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Semi-transparent organic solar cells have potential as power generating window coatings for buildings to reduce fossil fuel consumption. Solution processed semitransparent electrodes can enhance the cost effectiveness of these organic solar cells compared to non-solution processed electrodes. Silver nanowire electrodes that are solution processable, have been shown to match the sheet resistance and transmittance of indium tin oxide semitransparent electrodes, but have a shorter lifetime. The objective of this thesis was to develop a technique to increase the life time of silver nanowire electrodes. The short lifetime of nanowire junctions has been shown to be due to joule heating which results in nanowire melting and failure. This heat could be carried away by encapsulating silver nanowire electrodes in ZnO, which has a higher heat transfer coefficient than air. Uncoated and ZnO coated silver nanowire electrodes were fabricated by spin coating, spray coating, and drop coating; and characterized for transmittance, sheet resistance, surface roughness, and lifetime. Spray coated silver nanowire films exhibited a longer lifetime than that reported for films fabricated with the Meyer rod coating method; however, the silver nanowire electrodes had rough surfaces that were not compatible with organic solar cells. ZnO coatings were used to smooth the surface, but coatings thick enough for this purpose increased the silver nanowire electrode sheet resistance beyond an acceptable range. Preliminary lifetime experiments indicated that thin ZnO coating could increase the silver nanowire electrodes lifetime. Future work should further investigate in detail the effects of ZnO coatings on silver nanowire electrode lifetime.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Includes bibliographical references (pages 101-110)
Number of Pages
South Dakota State University
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
Vaagensmith, Bjorn, "Improvement in Silver Nanowire Electrodes Lifetime Though ZnO Encapsulation for Polymer Solar Cells" (2014). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2039.